AN OPEN LETTER ON NUCLEAR WEAPONS TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE

21 Jan

AN OPEN LETTER TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE:

POLITICAL RESPONSIBILITY IN THE NUCLEAR AGE

By Richard Falk, David Krieger and Robert Laney

[Prefatory Note: What follows below is An Open Letter to the American People: Political Responsibility in the Nuclear Age. It was jointly written by myself in collaboration with David Krieger and Robert Laney. The three of us have been long connected with the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation. For further information on the work of the foundation see <www.wagingpeace.org>. The NAPF focuses its effort on the menace posed by nuclear weaponry and the urgency of seeking nuclear disarmament. The nuclear agreement with Iran and the North Korean nuclear test explosion are reminders of the gravity of the unmet challenge, and should serve as warnings against the persistence of complacency, which seems to be the prevailing political mood judging from the policy debates that have taken place during the early stages of the 2016 presidential campaign. This complacency is encouraged by the media that seems to have forgotten about nuclear dangers since the end of the Cold War, except for those issues arising from the real and feared proliferation of the weaponry to countries hostile to the United States and the West (Iran, North Korea). Our letter proceeds on the assumption that the core of the problem is associated with the possession, development, and deployment of the weaponry, that is, with the nine nuclear weapons states. The essence of a solution is to eliminate existing nuclear weapons arsenals through a phased, verified process of nuclear disarmament as legally mandated by Article VI of the Nonproliferation Treaty (1968, 1970).

We would be grateful if you could help us reach the widest possible audience through reposting and dissemination via social media networks.]

 

Dear fellow citizens:

By their purported test of a hydrogen bomb early in 2016, North Korea reminded the world that nuclear dangers are not an abstraction, but a continuing menace that the governments and peoples of the world ignore at their peril. Even if the test were not of a hydrogen bomb but of a smaller atomic weapon, as many experts suggest, we are still reminded that we live in the Nuclear Age, an age in which accident, miscalculation, insanity or intention could lead to devastating nuclear catastrophe.

What is most notable about the Nuclear Age is that we humans, by our scientific and technological ingenuity, have created the means of our own demise. The world currently is confronted by many threats to human wellbeing, and even civilizational survival, but we focus here on the particular grave dangers posed by nuclear weapons and nuclear war.

Even a relatively small nuclear exchange between India and Pakistan, with each country using 50 Hiroshima-size nuclear weapons on the other side’s cities, could result in a nuclear famine killing some two billion of the most vulnerable people on the planet. A nuclear war between the U.S. and Russia could destroy civilization in a single afternoon and send temperatures on Earth plummeting into a new ice age. Such a war could destroy most complex life on the planet. Despite the gravity of such threats, they are being ignored, which is morally reprehensible and politically irresponsible.

 

We in the United States are in the midst of hotly contested campaigns to determine the candidates of both major political parties in the 2016 presidential faceoff, and yet none of the frontrunners for the nominations have even voiced concern about the nuclear war dangers we face. This is an appalling oversight. It reflects the underlying situation of denial and complacency that disconnects the American people as a whole from the risks of use of nuclear weapons in the years ahead. This menacing disconnect is reinforced by the media, which has failed to challenge the candidates on their approach to this apocalyptic weaponry during the debates and has ignored the issue in their television and print coverage, even to the extent of excluding voices that express concern from their opinion pages. We regard it as a matter of urgency to put these issues back on the radar screen of public awareness.

 

We are appalled that none of the candidates running for the highest office in the land has yet put forward any plans or strategy to end current threats of nuclear annihilation, none has challenged the planned expenditure of $1 trillion to modernize the U.S. nuclear arsenal, and none has made a point of the U.S. being in breach of its nuclear disarmament obligations under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. In the presidential debates it has been a non-issue, which scandalizes the candidates for not raising the issue in their many public speeches and the media for not challenging them for failing to do so. As a society, we are out of touch with the most frightening, yet after decades still dangerously mishandled, challenge to the future of humanity.

 

There are nine countries that currently possess nuclear weapons. Five of these nuclear-armed countries are parties to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (U.S., Russia, UK, France and China), and are obligated by that treaty to negotiate in good faith for a cessation of the nuclear arms race and for nuclear disarmament. The other four nuclear-armed countries (Israel, India, Pakistan and North Korea) are subject to the same obligations under customary international law. None of the nine nuclear-armed countries has engaged in such negotiations, a reality that should be met with anger and frustration, and not, as is now the case, with indifference. It is not only the United States that is responsible for the current state of denial and indifference. Throughout the world there is a false confidence that, because the Cold War is over and no nuclear weapons have been used since 1945, the nuclear dangers that once frightened and concerned people can now be ignored.

 

Rather than fulfill their obligations for negotiated nuclear disarmament, the nine nuclear-armed countries all rely upon nuclear deterrence and are engaged in modernization programs that will keep their nuclear arsenals active through the 21st century and perhaps beyond. Unfortunately, nuclear deterrence does not actually provide security to countries with nuclear arsenals. Rather, it is a hypothesis about human behavior, which is unlikely to hold up over time. Nuclear deterrence has come close to failing on numerous occasions and would clearly be totally ineffective, or worse, against a terrorist group in possession of one or more nuclear weapons, which has no fear of retaliation and may actually welcome it. Further, as the world is now embarking on a renewed nuclear arms race, disturbingly reminiscent of the Cold War, rising risks of confrontations and crises between major states possessing nuclear weapons increase the possibility of use.

 

As citizens of a nuclear-armed country, we are also targets of nuclear weapons. John F. Kennedy saw clearly that “Every man, woman and child lives under a nuclear sword of Damocles, hanging by the slenderest of threads, capable of being cut at any moment by accident, or miscalculation, or by madness. The weapons of war must be abolished before they abolish us.” What President Kennedy vividly expressed more than 50 years ago remains true today, and even more so as the weapons proliferate and as political extremist groups come closer to acquiring these terrible weapons.

 

Those with power and control over nuclear weapons could turn this planet, unique in all the universe in supporting life, into the charred remains of a Global Hiroshima. Should any political leader or government hold so much power? Should we be content to allow such power to rest in any hands at all?
It is time to end the nuclear weapons era. We are living on borrowed time. The U.S., as the world’s most powerful country, must play a leadership role in convening negotiations. For the U.S. to be effective in leading to achieve Nuclear Zero, U.S. citizens must awaken to the need to act and must press our government to act and encourage others elsewhere, especially in the other eight nuclear-armed countries, to press their governments to act as well. It is not enough to be apathetic, conformist, ignorant or in denial. We all must take action if we want to save humanity and other forms of life from nuclear catastrophe. In this spirit, we are at a stage where we need a robust global solidarity movement that is dedicated to raising awareness of the growing nuclear menace, and the urgent need to act nationally, regionally and globally to reverse the strong militarist currents that are pushing the world ever closer to the nuclear precipice.

 

Nuclear weapons are the most immediate threat to humanity, but they are not the only technology that could play and is playing havoc with the future of life. The scale of our technological impact on the environment (primarily fossil fuel extraction and use) is also resulting in global warming and climate chaos, with predicted rises in ocean levels and many other threats – ocean acidification, extreme weather, climate refugees and strife from drought – that will cause massive death and displacement of human and animal populations.

 

In addition to the technological threats to the human future, many people on the planet now suffer from hunger, disease, lack of shelter and lack of education. Every person on the planet has a right to adequate nutrition, health care, housing and education. It is deeply unjust to allow the rich to grow richer while the vast majority of humanity sinks into deeper poverty. It is immoral to spend our resources on modernizing weapons of mass annihilation while large numbers of people continue to suffer from the ravages of poverty.

 

Doing all we can to move the world to Nuclear Zero, while remaining responsive to other pressing dangers, is our best chance to ensure a benevolent future for our species and its natural surroundings. We can start by changing apathy to empathy, conformity to critical thinking, ignorance to wisdom, denial to recognition, and thought to action in responding to the threats posed by nuclear weapons and the technologies associated with global warming, as well as to the need to address present human suffering arising from war and poverty.

 

The richer countries are challenged by migrant flows of desperate people that number in the millions and by the realization that as many as a billion people on the planet are chronically hungry and another two billion are malnourished, resulting in widespread growth stunting among children and other maladies. While ridding the world of nuclear weaponry is our primary goal, we are mindful that the institution of war is responsible for chaos and massive casualties, and that we must also challenge the militarist mentality if we are ever to enjoy enduring peace and security on our planet.

 

The fate of our species is now being tested as never before. The question before us is whether humankind has the foresight and discipline necessary to forego some superfluous desires, mainly curtailing propensities for material luxuries and for domination of our fellow beings, thereby enabling all of us and succeeding generations to live lives worth living. Whether our species will rise to this challenge is uncertain, with current evidence not reassuring.

 

The time is short and what is at risk is civilization and every small and great thing that each of us loves and treasures on our planet.

 

 

 

 

 

27 Responses to “AN OPEN LETTER ON NUCLEAR WEAPONS TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE”

  1. ray032 January 21, 2016 at 1:18 pm #

    • Kata Fisher January 21, 2016 at 3:47 pm #

      Do you know if those explosions are real? It seems to me that they are incredible

      • ray032 January 21, 2016 at 8:54 pm #

        It’s a movie so maybe the explosions are from real nuclear tests, but obviously the images of people being instantly incinerated are studio produced.

        But before this movie, the training was duck under a desk for protection.

        What was interesting to me, perhaps more than any other person on this earth watching the movie in 1983, was seeing the movie ends with the same frame THE KANSAS CITY TIMES used in the 2nd.article on my Time in Kansas City published on ALL SOULS DAY, November 2, 1976, 7 years earlier.

        The 1st report on September 13, 1976 records the warning of an “idea being put out subtly and deceptively” by the government that we have to get prepared for a war with Russia.”

        The Revelation of the unfolding events reported by news media TODAY indicate the TIME of the fulfillment of that prophecy is now at hand, unless saner heads prevail! This article is one more effort by saner heads to prevent our own self destruction in a
        Masada II-Holocaust II.

        All of that, including the movie clip, can be seen here:
        SIGNS OF THE TIMES
        http://ray032.com/2013/09/01/signs-of-the-times/

        It’s an old but True saying, ‘The LORD works in mysterious ways,’ and whether this is coincidence or design, the facts are the facts, the reality is the reality, and the printed words are as valid as any printed words anywhere.

      • Kata Fisher January 22, 2016 at 8:27 am #

        It is so, Ray.

        Those explosions look to be actual testing explosions. Just amazing things. The Scripture tells us that Antichrist will have his own signs, his wonders, and his miracles.

        Also, “Trinity Test” (as term) on nuclear item /pursuits was / is actually a Blasphemy against New Testament, Apostolic Order and Apostolic Teaching.

        Humanity is given over to the devil, and he, the devil has had a plentiful harvest. Look and see that humanity is given over to devil.

  2. Gene Schulman January 21, 2016 at 4:12 pm #

    Richard,

    Excellent initiative. Forwarded to my complete mailing list. Katrina says it was published in The Nation earlier this week. I missed it.

    • Gene Schulman January 22, 2016 at 5:24 am #

      Re-published at Counterpunch today – weekend edition.

  3. rehmat1 January 22, 2016 at 12:29 pm #

    Dr. Falk – As a Canadian nuclear power-generating engineer I can assure you, nuclear is the most safe a cheap source of energy in the world. It cannot be accused of posing threat to security of the world. It world’s criminal leaders (mostly western Zionists) who lased with nuclear bombs are the real threat to the survival of humanity. United States is the only nation which has used nuclear bombs against a nation that already had surrendered.

    The US, France, Israel and Britain are known using smart bombs and uranium-tipped bullets on their Muslim victims.

    According to United Nation, there are more than 43 million refugees in world – 60% among them are Muslims. The great majority of these Muslim refugees are created by western colonial powers, mainly as result of proxy wars for Israel.

    In September 2015, Russian president Putin blamed the US and EU for creating the current refugee flood threatening Europe’s White race that benefitted from colonialism for over two centuries.

    http://rehmat1.com/2015/09/07/putin-refugee-crisis-created-by-the-us-eu/

    • Richard Falk January 22, 2016 at 12:51 pm #

      Reheat:

      I think you overstate the Israeli/Zionist role, both in relation to nuclear dangers and ME proxy wars.

      Also, nuclear power may be safer in some statistical sense, but in light of Fukushima, Chernobyl, and Three Mile Island it is hardly ‘safe,’
      and besides offers a target for extremist or state violence.

      Richard Falk

      • rehmat1 January 22, 2016 at 5:07 pm #

        First of all – My ID is REHMAT.

        Who are the more EXTREMISTS other than United States and Israel?

        Have you ever heard of Dr. Zalman Shapiro, head of NUMEC who diverted atom-grade uranium to Israel?

        http://thebulletin.org/did-israel-steal-bomb-grade-uranium-united-states7056

        Shalom

      • Richard Falk January 23, 2016 at 8:28 am #

        REHMAT:

        Forgive my misspelling of your ID. I do not know how this happened!

        It all depends on definitions and perceptions of extremism.

      • Kata Fisher January 22, 2016 at 7:56 pm #

        A very important note: I think and believe that we may need to ordain you as soon as possible.

  4. kellygerling January 22, 2016 at 3:46 pm #

    The article says this: “…none has made a point of the U.S. being in breach of its nuclear disarmament obligations under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.” This is very important to state over and over again. I don’t know what the polling suggests, but I’d guess that only a small percentage knows the United States is in obvious breach of the NPT—a ratified treaty which is the “supreme law of the land” under Article 6 of the Constitution. That’s because of the corporate media and congressional blackout of this fact. The nuclear modernization program (hardly an act of nuclear disarmament) is there for anyone to see in the recent documents such as the National Military Strategy (NMS) and the National Security Strategy (NSS).

    • rehmat1 January 23, 2016 at 9:48 am #

      NTP works as Israel’s veteran journalist Uri Avnery’s definition of “terror”.

      “All world leaders who supports us, are statesmen – and all those who oppose us, are terrorists.”

      In order to support his thesis, in September 2013, Avnery claimed the former Iranian president Dr. Ahmadinejad worked for Israeli Mossad.

      http://rehmat1.com/2013/09/29/uri-avnery-ahmadinejad-was-mossad-agent/

    • Kata Fisher January 23, 2016 at 9:51 am #

      A Note:

      The US is a Nuclear extremist and nuclear jihadist. Their National security programs and modernisation is in the seed of devil (the past, present, future). ‘Trinity Test” itself Blasphemed ALL things of Apostolic Church and Order. It blasphemed God-Head and Teaching office of the Church. I do not know how nations along with the US will remove the national curse of Blasphemy – unless they cut it in the seed.

      They are (along with all nations that took part in ‘Trinity Test’) Christian/Jewish jihadist.

      Soon, they will have all religious jihadist running around nuclear.

      (Romans 1) The Apostolic Scripture tells us that they are:
      slanderers,
      hateful to God,
      insolent,
      arrogant,
      boastful;
      inventors of evil things,
      to parents disobedient;

      And, the Scripture tells us that they deserve a just penalty – and all those who approve their evil/s. With that, I am afraid that soon, they will have all religious jihadist running around nuclear.

      What exactly is Extremism and where does it come upon individuals and the nations? They Blaspheme Holy Things.

      After Learning about ‘Trinity Test’ term – Oh, I understood that they are in the seed of devil, and they are self-strapped psychopaths in it!

      • rehmat1 January 23, 2016 at 8:30 pm #

        Are you telling us: AIPAC is jihadist lobby controlling nuclear America?

        Maan – when you’re going to pull your Catholic Zionist brain up from you legs!!!

      • Kata Fisher January 23, 2016 at 8:52 pm #

        You got nasty sense of humor – so, take that as compliment – you are not ordained. I was talking about mid 1940’s and Nuclear Blesphemy. I am sure that contemporarily Christians/ Jews are in issues that they do not even understand. But look and see – there is you to tell them all – not ordained.

      • rehmat1 January 24, 2016 at 5:53 am #

        @Karta Fisher – Blab, blab, blab – I wonder if the moron even know
        the meaning of “ordained”.

        Oops! I guess he is right. I cannot be “ordained”, as Pope Francis claims that to be “ordained”, I got to have a “Jewish soul” inside – which as a Muslim, I don’t have.

        http://rehmat1.com/2014/06/19/pope-francis-inside-every-christian-is-a-jew/

      • ray032 January 24, 2016 at 6:43 am #

        rehmat1, I forgot I followed your link a year ago when it 1st appeared in Richard’s Blog, and made so many comments.

        I stand by what I wrote then and want to remind you the Pope said “Inside every Christian lives a Jew” and that is an objective Truth. That does not say you have to have a Jewish “soul” You have to be you. You, like me, and everyone, is individually accountable to God at the end of it all. At that point, what others think or did with their lives is irrelevant.

        What you did reply was “Yes, Holy Qur’an praises all biblical prophets including Jesus, Abraham, David, Solomon, Jacob and John the Baptist.” Moses is mentioned a lot too, as is Mary the mother of Jesus.

        Jesus says this about his “mother.”
        And it was told him by certain which said, Your mother and your brethren stand without, desiring to see you.
        And he answered and said to them, My mother and my brethren are these which hear the word of God, and do it.
        Luke 8:21-22; Mark 3:35; Matthew 12:48

        What is born of flesh IS flesh. What is born of Spirit IS Spirit.

        Any respect for Truth would have to acknowledge the “Jewish” characters in the Qur’an and the highest thoughts of God mentioned in all the Jewish scriptures.

        The “soul” is that mystical place God, who is above all Jews, Christians, Muslims and Nations, lives within the body, and motivates the individual believer.

      • Kata Fisher January 24, 2016 at 9:29 am #

        This is what I understand:

        When we have prophetic anointings – we want to and need to have those prophetic anointings fully activated, and then impartation of Spiritual Gifts can be added on to accompany prophetic anointings fully activated.

        When Church talks about Ordination – we talk about impartation of Spiritual Gifts – that strengthen one for a specific purpose. This means that body of priesthood transfers their Spiritual gifts in/trough anointing that is activated within them.

        However, authentic Church Order holds that “impartation of Spiritual Gifts” can be only administered to those who were under free Fall of God’s Presence / Spirit. The Spirit has to move (independently) first to activate fully prophetic anointings (already present).

        This is something that human can’t do – to make God work in the way that God is not willing to do. So, if God willing – the Sprit falls upon congregations and/or individuals.

        This is neutral / independent of any Belives one may have / practice.

        Roman Catholics believe that Muslims are in communion of Faith with the Church.

        We believe that when someone believes in the name of Jesus Christ (Him as a Pries, Him as a Prophet, Him as a King, in His Office) is automatically in one Faith with the Church.

        In the case that communion is broken off then something has to be very wrong and most likely it is a spiritual excommunication, and/or hindrance due to irrevocable sins in blood lines, and/or interference of other spirits.

        We note that Roman Church had 8 (eight) unholy and evil Popes. This is another pre-reformation of the Church issue. One thing they could not do was Order of the Spirit.

  5. Beau Oolayforos January 29, 2016 at 9:04 am #

    Dear Professor Falk,

    It seems to me that one of the final points in the letter, the one about having to forego material luxuries in order to realize a nuclear-free world….such a vision is unnecessarily discouraging. Those swords can be beaten into all kinds of useful plowshares; those guns can be traded for lots of delicious butter – the peace dividend would be enormous – something that the militarists would rather the American people not think too much about.

    • Kata Fisher January 29, 2016 at 6:03 pm #

      what should be hoarded on to and held on to?

      Is the Stock-Market the very World-wide currency of AntiChrist?

      I do wonder about the times..

      Starving, displaced, refuged folks frozen in continues WW Nazi-era will not receive any butterfats. I am sure of that. Should I stay sure of that – or should I hord on and hold on some of that?

      Western Hemisphere is spiritualy excomunicated.

      They did all evil that they could have had, and all the wicked did store on to their fats, meats and breads – the beast was same as is always was.

      Illiterate Italian widows did better to provide for their legitimate children then spiritually excommunicated nations ever will and can – no one minds illegitimate children, I guess – but they should because it was not suppose to be so. Wicked christianity splits Church amrriges, and wicked state divorces Church Marriges. No wonder that they have fall under condemnation of God and have only hoarded on to them selfs between wickedness of their church and state – a loads of illegitimate children.
      This is bizarre and true – this does not happen in region of the Church – regardless how wicked secular state may be.

      So, I do not even know that starving refuge kids in some world-wide refuge camps even know what butterfats are. The Churches-wicked will be more then happy to get ahold of some goodies as that and hoard on and hold on to it, unliquidated against Church Canon Law (in stock and bonds) that are only stashing ups to the seed of devil. We have evil bishops, archbishops cardinals, and that makes evil in our midst!

      Our priesthood is either into whoring of the women, children, and sex slaving with the Church or each other! Its a scandal. Scandals, scandals!

      False Church and those pupretrators and heinous criminals who present themselves as Church-members are evil and defilement to the altars of the Church,. wicked.

      Vatican leadership is as wicked as always was, they are covering everything up, in any way that they can… Newest way of their wicked covering up of their satanic carisma is false – Grace/human Grace.

      Pristhood is in invalid or defiled ordination from whoring with the woman within body of the pristhood, and all oter sins – they just continue in devil – regardles what they think they shopuld be doing and can. They need Church-Chatolic-Charismatic to clean them up – or curse them to deat! They are so evil – they do not know how to interpret the Apostolic Scriptures and Sacraments.

      Protestants likewise, are deserving to be cursed to death! – have more then 30.000 denomination – distinguishing evil they are when in satanic abuses of Church Order and practices (locally and global). That will strip of everyone’s butterfat eventually – just as always did – the beast is getting bigger and is revived even among false-chatolics.

      I do not know if there will be self-fulfillment of good part of the prophesies in literary (actual) terms. It seem to me that is in literal terms – still, chaos between Jews, Muslims, and Christians / other nations (not the Church) is irrevocable.

      It is irrevocable becase they are without Light that comes from God – they have to actualy walk in it (Light that comes from God) in order to brake their frozen state of rebelion.

      Fulfillment of good part of the prophesies (good-will among humans) is irational imagination in current conditions – those woes are irrevocable!

      Wicked can not give anyone sacramental meals! It does not happen. They will give one evil sacraments. Yes, they will do that.

      I did not proofread – I am getting ready for my prayer hour – so I am in a spirited, but not sacreligious rush!

      I am sure the wicked should be in sacrilegious rush to reverse all the evil their ancestors and themselves have done.

      • Kata Fisher January 29, 2016 at 6:13 pm #

        I have to make a typing correction (and a fact correction)

        I wrote:

        “Wicked christianity splits Church amrriges, and wicked state divorces Church Marriges. No wonder that they have fall under condemnation of God and have only hoarded on to them selfs between wickedness of their church and state – a loads of illegitimate children.
        This is bizarre and true – this does not happen in region of the Church – regardless how wicked secular state may be.”

        It shopud read as

        ” Wicked christianity (by force) splits Church marriages, and wicked state (by force) divorces Church Marriges. No wonder that they have fall under condemnation of God and have only hoarded on to them selfs between wickedness of their church and state – a loads of illegitimate children.
        This is bizarre and true – this does not happen in region of the Church – regardless how wicked secular state may be.”

      • Kata Fisher January 29, 2016 at 6:45 pm #

        Professor Falk,

        I have to make important note:

        What I wrote down was not direct reply to Mr. Beau Oolayforos – it was just continuation to the thread.

        I do note that it was not meant in personal terms (as a reply) – just as continuation to the thread.

        I actually forgot to note that is

        “A Note:”

    • Richard Falk January 30, 2016 at 9:16 am #

      Yes, this is a worthwhile observation. It would seem to depend in the end on whether the period
      of adjustment was self-consciously guided so as to enhance the human and ecological benefits of a huge peace dividend.

      • Kata Fisher January 30, 2016 at 1:35 pm #

        A Note:

        peace dividend/s will not (and can not happen) without abandoning completely false/satanic prophets and satanic trade.

        It entails completely abandoning the way of Antichrist.

        Its more then holding back world-wide satanic chaos (which took place in the past) but the way of Antichrist was resident and always bounced right back where it was, just more stronger in its evil wrath.

Trackbacks/Pingbacks

  1. Richard Falk, David Krieger and Robert Laney: An Open Letter on Nuclear Weapons to the American People - Guernica / A Magazine of Art & Politics - January 26, 2016

    […] By Richard Falk, David Krieger and Robert Laney By arrangement with Richard Falk […]

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: